Examining the harmful effects of formaldehyde vapours on Indian medical students while they are in the dissection hall

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Dr. Swati Yadav, Dr. Shweta Chaudhary


Introduction: Since many years, formaldehyde has been employed as a tried-and-true component of embalming fluids, either by itself or in combination with methyl alcohol, thymol crystals, glycerin, and water. To create the embalming solution for cadavers, Medical College, Santosh University uses 37% formaldehyde, 7% methyl alcohol, and the remaining water. Formaldehyde concentrations are often stated in parts per million (1 ppm = 1.248 mg/cu.m.). All medical personnel, including students, faculty, and technicians, may be at risk for health problems due to the vapours that the cadavers in the dissection hall emit. The discomfort results in skin allergies as well as irritation of the mucous membranes of the nose, respiratory system, and eyes.

Materials and Methods: We made a sincere effort to categorize the effects of formaldehyde fumes on 100 first-year MBBS students at Medical College, Santosh University based on the unintentionally produced complaints as they have never been exposed to formalin.

Results: The outcomes were pretty striking. The greatest numbers of students among the numerous symptoms described were positive.

Discussion: Formaldehyde exposure to medical students during their dissection training is being one of the causes of numerous chemical sensitivities in recent times. This study essentially reflects harmful consequences on the first batch of Indian medical students pursuing MBBS.

Conclusion: In order for the medical students to approach the dissection hall without any mental stress related to the toxicity of formalin vapours, the presentation also suggests potential strategies for reducing formalin exposure.


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