Orthodontics and allergy treatment
Main Article Content
The purpose of this paper is to conduct a literature review on the topic of allergy in orthodontics, identify the factors that make patients more likely to have an allergic reaction, and discuss the implications of this reaction for the management of patients who are undergoing orthodontic treatment. A computerised literature search on the subject of allergy in relation to orthodontics was performed in PubMed. The results of this search are being analysed. The allergy and orthodontics combination was the MeSH term that was used.
There has been a significant amount of research conducted on allergic reactions to alloys used in orthodontics, specifically nickel. Several case reports of nickel-induced contact dermatitis have also been compiled. The evidence that is currently available suggests that the most common allergic reaction that is reported in orthodontics is related to nickel in orthodontic appliances, and that allergic responses are more common in women due to a previous sensitising exposure from nickel in jewellery. According to the findings of some studies, allergies may be the cause of hypodontia. During the course of orthodontic treatment, it has also been considered to be a high-risk factor for the development of extensive root resorption. In this review, the relationship between allergy and orthodontics as well as its implications are discussed.