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Some threats to fireflies namely Abscondita sp. (close perplexa) exist in Kalsubai Harishchandragad wildlife sanctuary have been reported. Biomagnification possibilities, introduction of foreign species and disappearing of local canopy, terrace farming with chemicalization, illegal entry of tourists during mating behavior and light pollution of vehicles, changing climatic conditions are key concerns associated to population decline of reported firefly species during the field work. For Abscondita species some in-situ conservation measures and policy perspectives have been discussed in this paper.