Effect Of Country Made Liquor On Seed Germination, Growth And Productivity Of Abelmoschus Esculentus

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Kapil Sharma
Pankaj Kumar Rai


In India, a leading Newspaper Times of India published an unconfirmed report citing the use of Country Made Liquor (CML) by the farmers in the National Capital Region (NCR) Gurgaon for the cultivation of Brinjal crop. It was reported that use of CML increased the production of Brinjal by 06 to 08 times. The Brinjal thus produced were reported to be of good quality and appearance. Earlier the experiment was conducted to study the productivity and growth behaviour of brinjal Solanum melongena .var. BR-112 with country made liquor under field conditions and this time an experiment was conducted with Abelmoschus esculentusto study the effect of Country made Liquor on the productivity and growth behaviour of okra (bhindi).The seeds of Abelmoschus esculentus were sown at the depth of 2.5cm. with different treatments i.e. S1 (soil+ spray of 10% country made liquor original conc.36.0%v/v + at the time of sowing and at 3 days intervals thereafter), S2 (control- without CML), S3 (soil +spray of 10% country made liquor original conc.36.0%v/v + only at the time of germination and at 3 days intervals thereafter) and S4 (soil+ spray of 10% country made liquor original conc.36.0%v/v+ only at time of flowering and at 3days intervals there after).500seedsof each treatment were used for study. Total numbers of germinated plants were counted from each set of all treatments, at the interval period of 5 days after sowing, and reported as emergence count. For growth study shoot length, number of leaves, length and width of leaves and root length were measured from all the treatments. Root length of the plants is measured only till April 27th 2022 because after this the root of the plants get very long and make it very difficult to remove it from the field. Further more,microbial analysis of the soil was also done in which the Lasy’s finger seeds (Ablemoschus esculentus)were shown. This analysis was done to check the changes in the soil. This analysis involved serial dilution of 1gm of the soils ample upto10 to the power-6followed by pouring of the sample in sterilized PDA and NA plates. These were incubated at 25°C For fungus andat30°C(NA) for bacteria. After incubation,the colony count of fungal and bacterial colonies was done and compared with in intervals of 5days. Country made liquor application certainly affected the Lady’s fingers plant. After CML application, the microbial diversity present in the soil also showed considerable variation. For enumeration of the micronutrients and macronutrients soil sample of all the 4 treatments was tested and the presence of available metals were also confirmed. The result revealed that CML treated batch S1 showed germination count if 500 plantlets from 500 seeds, control batch S2 showed 395 plantlets out of 500 seeds, batch S3 (soil+10% spray CML at time of germination with original conc. 36.0%v/v) showed 440 plantlets out of 500 seeds and S4 (soil+10% spray CML at time of flowering with original conc.36.0%v/v) showed 415 plantlets out of 500 seeds. After 20 days of growth S1 plantlets also showed maximum average plant height (8.1cm),number of leaves (5.0) average length of leaves (4.0cm), and average width of leaves(3.1cm) and average tap root length(8.8cm) as compared to control S2 plant height (12.6cm), number of leaves (6.0cm), length of leaves (4.1cm), width of leaves(3.7cm),root length(15.4cm).The germination and flowering number was higher in case of S1 followed by S3 and S4,and least was observed in S2.

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Author Biographies

Kapil Sharma

School of Biosciences, Institute of Management Studies Ghaziabad (University Courses Campus), NH-09, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh - 201015, INDIA

Pankaj Kumar Rai

Department of Biotechnology, Invertis University, Bareilly, U.P., India