Pomegranate uses in biomedicine: a review

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Pradeep C Dathan, Deepak Nallaswamy, S Rajeshkumar, Suja Joseph, Shahin Ismail


All components of Punicagranatum L(Pomegranate) namely the flowers, leaves, bark of young shoots and roots and fruit peel have been traditionally used for the treatment of various ailments. Pomegranate has got an unique  biochemical profile  with more than 124 phytochemicals. It is a good source of vitamins, namely vitamin A, C, E, and folic acid which are responsible for the broad range of anti-oxidant, antiinflammatoy, antibacterial anti-viral and anti-tumor properties. The compounds present in Pomegranate namely punicalagin and punicic acid is reported to provide  potent health  benefits.  The antioxidants present in pomegranates is three times  higher than wine or green tea. Daily consumption of pomegranates fruit or juice can prevent atherosclerosis thus it is cardio tonic, it can boost the immunity, fight Type-2 diabetes, maintains blood pressure, improves digestion, prevents arthritis, oseoporosis, strengthen bone, improves memory, acts as natural fertility booster, promotes wound healing, prevents  oxidative stress,  lower psychological stress, reduces dental plaque formation, and provides a  healthy skin.The healing properties and health benefits  of pomegranate have been evaluated for the last two decades This review  discusses the findings of studies that explored the health benefits of pomegranate fruit and its fractions.

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