Main Article Content
With the richest riverine fish gene pools, a network of hundreds of rivers, estuaries, oxbows, and flood plains, India is the second-largest fish producer in the world. Products from the fishing industry are a great source of protein and other necessary micronutrients for a healthy diet. Notably, the supply of fish food is expanding responsibly every year (with an average growth rate of 3.2% per year) because to the expansion in fish production as well as the strong and balanced distribution channel. So, the idea of recreational fishing, which involves lots of people, is expanding into a substantial industry in terms of the number of practitioners and social and economic significance. The fishing business faces numerous problems with regard to its marine jurisdiction, whether local, national, or international, and this poses a significant challenge to the sector. The main issue is inefficient administration, which leads to considerable confusion and encourages over-exploitation of marine species. Additionally, small boats are contributing to open access, common property situations that offer strong incentives for immediate exploitation. Small boats are also causing overfishing in fisheries around the world, and "small scale" fleets can be major competitors in international trade. Fishers have poorly defined and unenforced use rights for fish. Similarly, the present legal and administrative policies are only serving partially progressive marine life management which is creating challenges for fisheries management. It is proposed that fisheries management needs to be strengthened, particularly the inshore waters, further, an evaluation of the domestic and international best practices for fisheries management and coastal life should be done.